- GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION
- LAND AREA
The municipality of San Juan is situated on the southern tip of Batangas along the Batangas- Quezon boundary. It is geographically located at 13.49.6” north latitude and 121.23.8” east latitude. It is approximately 43 kilometers east of Batangas City, the provincial capital, about the same distance southwest of Lucena City, the capital of Quezon province, and about 120 kilometers south of Metro Manila, the national capital. North of San Juan is the neighboring town of Candelaria in Quezon province with Malaking Ilog defining its geographical boundary. Tayabas Bay lies east and the hills on the western portion separating San Juan from the towns of Lobo and Rosario of the same province. Directly south is the Verde Island passage, a sea lane for inter-island vessels plying the Batangas- Mrinduque route.
The municipality has a total land area of 27,340 hectares. It is comprised of 42 barangays. The municipality of San Juan accounts for almost 8.6% of the provincial land area and ranks second to Batangas City (28,296 hectares) in terms of land area.
San Juan can generally be classified to the first type of climate characterized by two pronounced seasons: dry period from November to April and wet the rest of the year. December and January are the coldest months while March and April register to be the hottest. Precipitation is higher during the months of July to September, Maximum rainfall usually occurs between the months of September and October. The average annual rainfall was recorded to be 1029.6 millimeters.
The topography or surface of the municipality varies from low flat lands on the eastern portion specifically along Tayabas Bay, slightly rolling on the midsection and highest at the western side bordering along Rosario and Lobo municipal boundaries. Lying along the shores of Tayabas Bay on the east, the shorelines are laced with swamps and marshlands. These are at Barangays Imelda, Bataan, Nagsaulay, Subukin, Calub-cub 1 and 2, Pinagbayanan, and Catmon. The southern shorelines bordering Verde Islands passage, a seawater lane, are long strectches of white sandy beaches, picturesque coves and wonderful marine resources. Likewise, there are prominent forested mountains and hills on the western side. These are at the foot of the mountainous boundaries with Lobo and Rosario. The resultant view is a magnificient nature feature which is considered for world class tourism. These are found in the portions of Barangays Imelda, Hugom, Barualte and the portions of the Laiya areas of Aplaya and Ibabao. Several rivers drain the municipality. These are: Malaking Ilog, Lawaye River, Calub-cub River and Abung River, Bolbok River, Puttingbuhangin River, Quipot River and Laiya River. Laiya River empties at Sigayan Bay on the Verde Island passage, Northern tip of municipality. Creeks branch from these water bodies to drain to other parts of municipality. The most notable of which are Libato and Mapagong Creeks. These waterbodies aid very much in the agricultural activities of the municipality. The network of national, provincial and barangay roads which link settlement areas in the municipality and its neighboring urban centers is a notable man-made topographic feature of the area.
Slopes range from 0-3% and above. Majority of the land area has a slope of 0.3% which makes farming a major activity and agricultural land as the major land use. These constitute about 71% of the total land area. These are the Barangays along the northeastern pat bordering near Quezon province. Highest elevated areas have slopes of 15% and above. These are the southwest portion of the municipality bordering the Lobo and Taysan towns of Batangas. These are in Barangays Bulsa, Pulang Bato, Quipot and parts of Sapangan and Laiya Aplaya. Portion of barangay Hugom, central portions of Laiya Aplaya and a portion of Coloconto, have slope of 8-15%.